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TRNG random number

This example application shows how to use the TRNG Peripheral library to generate and read a random number.


This example application shows how to use the TRNG peripheral library to produce a 32-bit true random number. Generated random number can be used as an entropy source for seeding a Deterministic Random Number Generator (DRNG), creating cryptographic keys for ciphers etc.

Downloading and building the application

To clone or download this application from Github, go to the main page of this repository and then click Clone button to clone this repository or download as zip file. This content can also be downloaded using content manager by following these instructions.

Path of the application within the repository is apps/trng/random_number/firmware .

To build the application, refer to the following table and open the project using its IDE.

Project Name Description
sam_9x60_curiosity.X MPLABX project for SAM9X60 Curiosity Development Board

Setting up AT91Bootstrap loader

To load the application binary onto the target device, we need to use at91bootstrap loader. Refer to the at91bootstrap loader documentation for details on how to configure, build and run bootstrap loader project and use it to bootstrap the application binaries.

Setting up the hardware

The following table shows the target hardware for the application projects.

Project Name Board
sam_9x60_curiosity.X SAM9X60 Curiosity Development Board

Setting up SAM9X60 Curiosity Development Board

  • Connect a programming cable from JTAG connector J12 on board to programmer(J-32 Debugger).
  • Connect programmer(J-32 Debugger) to computer using a micro USB cable.
  • Connect the USB port J1 on board to the computer using a micro USB cable (to power the board).
  • Connect a FTDI cable from J11 connector to computer.

Running the Application

  1. Open the Terminal application (Ex.:Tera term) on the computer.
  2. Connect to the USB Serial COM port and configure the serial settings as follows:
    • Baud : 115200
    • Data : 8 Bits
    • Parity : None
    • Stop : 1 Bit
    • Flow Control : None
  3. Build and Program the application using its IDE.
  4. The console displays the following message


  5. Every time the switch is pressed, a new 32 bit random number is generated and displayed on the console


Following table provides the switch name:

Board Switch Name
SAM9X60 Curiosity Development Board USER SW

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